Real aloe – care of ornamental and medicinal plant
How to repot, pour and fertilize the Real Aloe vera, as well as further care tips on location and substrate, can be found in this guide.
Subtropical plants in our climes are no longer a rarity. Nevertheless, some plant lovers are reluctant to get exotic plants into the house because they fear for an immense amount of care. Despite all doubt, some of these plants are very undemanding in their care. This includes the true aloe (Aleo vera). Originally based on the Arabian Peninsula, it thrives in the temperate climate of Central Europe as a houseplant. Only in summer does this plant, from the succulent family, accept a warm and dry place in the tub on the terrace or in the garden. But before you put the aloe in the open, the outside temperature should be stable except for small deviations.
The true aloe, also known as desert lily, is highly valued among plant friends as a decorative, evergreen ornamental plant. In addition, it is also sought after as a medicinal plant. In her fleshy, gray-green leaves she stores water that is converted to gel. This is used to buy medicines, cosmetics and dietary supplements. The aloe is a frugal, easy-care plant that does not require water for a long time.
Real Aloe (Aloe vera)
45 – 55 cm
up to 50 cm long
Ornamental plant, medicinal plant
Sun to partial shade
True aloe – the best location
The Aloe Vera loves warm, bright places. Even partial shade tolerates them well. In summer you can also put the desert lily on the terrace or in the garden. Look out for a sunny spot here, no blazing sun can harm her. However, you should give the plant a 14-day habituation phase in partial shade. In autumn you bring the aloe vera back into the house, because cold and frost does not tolerate it. The greenhouse hibernates excellently in a bright place at temperatures of more than 10 ° Celsius.
Real aloe in the bucket
We recommend a heavy planter. It should have the same diameter at the top and bottom, so that the bucket can not fall over later.
The potting soil must be permeable, dry and slightly calcareous. Normal potting soil mix with granite chippings, perlite and coarse sand. Cactus or succulent earth has also proven itself well. Importantly, the earth must be low in nutrients.
In addition, a drainage in the bucket is advisable, so that excess water drain and no waterlogging can occur. For this you use granite chippings or coarse gravel.
Do not damage leaves when planting
You can get young aloe plants in the garden center or via the online plant dispatch. These are already potted. Nevertheless, it is advisable to repot the plants soon in a larger planter, as the desert lily is fast growing.
And so you step by step to repot:
Gently remove the plant from the old pot. Touch the aloe vera below, but not on the leaves. These break very fast and leave unsightly wounds on the plant.
Then put the aloe in the new pot and fill it with soil. Tapping the planter more often on a solid surface, so solidifies the soil in the pot and the plant gets a stable grip.
Ultimately, you water your desert lily well. Remove excess water immediately. Casting is then only again when the upper layer of soil in the pot feels dry.
Moderately pour in summer, significantly less in winter
As soon as the soil is noticeably dry in summer, the aloe vera is poured. If the plant is too dry for too long, it resorts to its water reserves and the leaves lose their rich green colors.
In winter, the soil in the pot can almost dry out. It is enough to water your succulent once every 4 to 6 weeks.
Be careful not to wet the leaves with water and be sure to avoid waterlogging.
Aloe vera – fertilize with special fertilizer
During the growth phase in the summer, fertilize the real aloe every 2 to 4 weeks with a succulent fertilizer. Only in winter, the plant is not supplied with nutrients.
When will the Real Aloe be cut?
The real aloe does not necessarily have to be cut. Unless it has dry or withered leaves that are to be removed so that the optics of the plant is back to normal. Another reason for cutting the desert lily is when a leaf for the extraction of the gel is to be separated out. For this you always use the lowest leaves, which are cut off close to the plant base.
Pests due to care mistakes
For diseases, the true aloe is resistant in principle. However, root rot can occur if the soil in the pot or bucket is constantly too moist. The plant is then beyond saving. In winter it can come to infestation with wool lice and / or root lice.
Detect and combat pests
On the white nests on the beginnings of the leaves the infestation of Wollläusen can be recognized. These absorb the sap and thus weaken the plant. If you still want to use the leaves for wound healing, you must not use chemical pesticides. It is best to wipe the affected leaves with an alcohol-impregnated cloth or cotton ball. If you want to be sure, repeat this process several times in the next few days.
Invisible, the root lice sit at the roots of the plant and sting them. They also feed on the vegetable juice. Root lice form white nests on the ground, roots and inner walls of the pot. In contrast, repotting and treatment of the roots only helps in a similar way as in the case of infestation with mealybugs.
Summary: The true aloe is a subtropical plant popular, but can only be kept in our latitudes as a pot or container plant. Succulent soil is suitable as a planting substrate. Watering is only limited and fertilized with a special fertilizer. The gel from their leaves has healing effects on wound treatment.