For a rich raspberry harvest, you sometimes have to resort to scissors. We will show you the differences between summer and autumn crops.
Raspberries are not only totally delicious and refresh us in the summer with their sweet and sour taste. You are still very healthy. No wonder then that more and more hobby gardeners get this power fruit in their garden. In order for the plants to produce a lush harvest every year, they have to be cut twice a year.
When and how to cut your raspberries depends on whether they are summer or fall varieties. The summer varieties include all raspberries whose fruits are ready for harvest in summer. Consequently, all raspberries whose fruits you can harvest in autumn are autumn varieties.
Tip: Twotimer raspberries produce fruits twice a year. Each shoot bears fruit for the first time as a young shoot in autumn and a second time in the summer of the following year. They will be cut exactly like the summer varieties.
Pruning after harvest
For both varieties, the shoots should be cut off shortly after harvest just above the ground. So you can prevent the so-called raspberry disease.
When pruning the autumn raspberries you do not need to pay much attention. After harvesting in the fall, simply cut off all shoots near the ground. With a flat layer of leaves you protect the flat root system from frost and dehydration.
Tip: Leave some healthy shoots. These serve beneficial animals such as the raptor beetle a winter quarter so that they can be directly active again in the coming year.
The pruning of summer raspberries is a bit more complicated. Here you have to distinguish between old and new shoots. The shoots from the previous year, which have borne fruit in the current calendar year, you have to cut off just above the ground.
Tip: When you harvest the last raspberry, it is best to immediately remove the corresponding shoot. So you can not confuse the old shoots with the new shoots.
The young shoots will bear fruit next summer. In order for them to grow more abundantly, they should let a maximum of ten plants per running meter.
Educational cut for better earnings
Raspberries sometimes form quite a few side shoots, so that the fruits might not get enough light. This could cause the fruits to be smaller and less sweet. In addition, it favors fungal diseases. For these reasons, the shoots may need to be thinned out. Here it is important to differentiate between the summer and autumn varieties.
Educational cut for summer raspberries
After the last frost – around the end of February – you should take a close look at the shoots that you left standing the previous year and see if you need to remove side shoots. Keep in mind that fewer side shoots mean fewer fruits, but stronger and tastier raspberries.
Tip: First cut off the side shoots that are difficult to reach. These are usually the lowest branches. You can also cut the rods in height, so you can reap the fruits there without much effort.
If you have thinned the shoots, you should attach each of them at a height of 30, 100 and 180 centimeters loosely on a trellis. This will prevent the plant from tipping over under the weight of the fruit.
Educational cut for autumn raspberries
When the summer starts, you should also take an educational cut with the autumn raspberries. Since you are dealing here only with young shoots, you can let between 15 and 20 rods on the running meter and cut off the remaining rods near the ground. Make sure that the remaining shoots do not constrict each other and if necessary shorten the side shoots here as well.
Tip: A scaffold approximately 80 to 100 centimeters high ensures that the plants do not tip over later under the weight of the fruit.
Care cut possible at any time
Check your raspberry plants regularly. So you can intervene immediately if you discover sick or pest-infected shoots. If you do not remove them immediately, they can also infect other shoots.
In addition, you should also make sure that the raspberries do not sprout too much. Both dense and too tall growth is not exactly beneficial. So make suitable cutting measures between the developmental cut and the pruning. Make sure that you do not cut the shoots during flowering.