Today we would like to introduce you to a medicinal plant again with cinquefoil. Learn here how it looks with the cultivation and care of the finger.
Gardeners today are already known several hundred species of different finger herbs, whose healing effect has played a significant role in alternative healing methods for centuries. Thus, the medicinal plant is used for example in diarrhea, gum disease, sore throat, fever, nail bed infections and the like. It is therefore applicable both internally and externally. Mainly the dried roots are processed as tea or tinctures.
By the way:
The perennial cinquefoil got its name because of its five-petalled flower form, which were based on the human five fingers of a hand. Except the bloodroot, which has only a four-petalled flower.
Known cinquefoil species:
- Creeping cinquefoil – yellow flowering, meanders its foothills along the ground, well suited for wetter meadows
- Finger shrub – ornamental shrub with woody growth, yellow flowering, can be completely cut back in autumn
- Crimson cinquefoil – red flowers, less common
- Gold cinquefoil – moderately flowering, but known as a herb for diarrhea and throat infections (tea)
- Geese cinquefoil – yellow flowering, can also be integrated in flower meadows , tolerates even moist soil
- White cinquefoil – white flowering, stands under protection of species
- Bloodroot – can be grown in rockeries , very robust
- Spring cinquefoil – the most prevalent in our gardens, is already beginning to flower in March (2 flower phases), carpet spreading
- Silver cinquefoil – very rich flowering stage, at moderate temperatures also as an evergreen plant preserved
- High cinquefoil – yellow flowering, hardly needs care, growing up to 80 centimeters high
- Zwergfingerkraut – creeping plant that grows only 5 centimeters high, well suited for bedding or as a meadow plant
- Mock strawberry – with fruiting that resembles the strawberry, but has little taste
- Rock cinquefoil – often called stone cinquefoil, white flowering, well suited for semi-shade
All winter-hard cinquefoil species, which are native to Europe, love an always nutrient-rich, albeit lime-poor and well-drained soil. Where they always feel particularly comfortable especially at higher altitudes.
When choosing a location, you should choose a sunny, half-shady spot, as most species clearly prefer warmth and also a certain amount of soil dryness.
You should grow the cinquefoil in early spring (from March), in which you put small cuttings in the ground. In addition, you can plant the cress but also in tubs, which makes it flourish on terraces and balconies magnificent.
In the following years, the extremely easy-care cinquefoil is usually self-sufficient, which is why you must share it from time to time. To do this, simply divide the perennials carefully with the spade and, if necessary, replace them in a new location. Of course, the best time for the division is the early spring.
Between May and June the cinquefoil begins to bloom, whereby it admits mainly yellow blooms, however also white and red blooms at the up to 40 centimeters (the finger shrub grows even 1.5 meters upwards) high-growing perennials. Depending on the variety, the flowering period then continues into September.
As a rule, all types of nature do not require any fertilizer, only finger-worm varieties can be fertilized once a year as needed.
” To water:
Furthermore, the cinquefoil requires irrigation only during prolonged periods of drought, whereby you must always avoid waterlogging in any case. The same applies to potted plants.
You can cut down blooming cinquefoil either in autumn or in early spring, or even bring the perennial into shape without any problems.