Cultivating Christmas roses – so you enjoy your plants for a long time

Cultivate Christmas rose

Christmas roses can give you up to 30 years of proper care. We have some hints for you about what to look for in this plant.

Cultivate Christmas rose
Cultivate Christmas rose – © Bill Ernest –

The winter months transform the garden into a drab and monotonous landscape. But there are bright spots. Christmas roses (Helleborus niger) in the winter garden stimulate and make you want to start the spring time in the garden. The flowers of the Christmas rose can also provide on balcony or terrace for pretty eye-catching in the cold season. If the care of the snow-rose is not neglected, the plants develop into robust and long-lasting beauties that delight every eye with their white or pink flowers.

Water Christosen properly

Christmas roses are watered rather sparingly. Too much moisture does not get the plants. During flowering, the snow-rose should be supplied with sufficient moisture. This means that the hobby gardener must also be active in the winter garden and supply the Christmas rose on frost-free days with water, or control the water balance. If the soil feels dry, it must be poured.

The summer means for the Christmas rose a kind of rest. Irrigation of the plants is therefore hardly necessary during the warmer months.

Fertilize Christmas roses properly

The Christrose is also fertilized sparingly. A first fertilizer application takes place after the end of the flowering period, ie around the beginning of March.

»Tip: The fertilizer should be connected to the pruning of the leaves. Then the fertilizer can be easily incorporated into the soil.

Another fertilizer is due in midsummer. Then the plants form new roots and gather strength for the upcoming flowering period. The ideal fertilizer is compost , horn shavings or rock flour.

»Tip: If the Christmas rose produces more leaves, but misses the flowers, it lacks lime.

What types of Christmas roses are there?

Different types of Christmas roses can make the picture in the garden varied. The natural form shows its flowers already in December and is in bloom until April. Some species already bloom in the fall. This includes the variety “Praecox”.
Among the popular new breeds include the rich flowering representatives of the “Helleborus Gold Collection”, which beautify the Advent and Christmas time with their flowering. Some varieties are also well suited as cut flowers. These include “Joel” or “Jacob Classic”, which have quite sturdy stems.

»Caution: Christmas roses should not be cut for the vase when it’s freezing.

Some Christmas roses species at a glance:

Christmas roses Artheydayparticularities
Helleborus niger praecoxDecember to Februarywhite blossom flowers very early
Helleborus Niger sp. macranthusDecember to Februaryinside white, outside pink colored flowers strikingly large
Helleborus Niger Double FashionDecember to Aprilwhite filled flowers very long flowering time
rubraDecember to Marchred flowers long flowering time

A particularly beautiful variety is the Christmas rose “Candy Love”. The strikingly large flowers offer a fascinating white-pink play of colors. The flowers have a stately size and are also very good as a cut flower.

While Christmas roses bloom mostly white and only before they fade a pink color, the related Lenzrosen offer the hobby gardener a varied play of colors. Lenz roses bloom a little later than the Christmas rose and surprise with pastel-colored, deep red or almost black flowers.

Can Christmas roses be transplanted?

Christmas roses are easy to clean and handle very well with a minimum of attention. The plants grow comparatively slowly, but multiply on a regular basis. You can enjoy a Christmas rose for up to 30 years, but not if it is constantly replanted. Therefore, the siting is to be taken very carefully. Christmas roses should be allowed to remain at their location. Transplanting should only be an issue if circumstances require it, the plant can not cope with the chosen location, is infested with pests or stunted.

»Tip: When choosing the location, it should be kept in mind that Christmas roses are doing very well in the company of other early bloomers like Witch Hazel or Winterlings.

Christmas roses in the pot – care tips

Cultivate Christmas rose in the pot
Cultivate Christmas rose in the pot – © Natalia Greeske –

Christmas roses can be well cultivated in pots and thus beautify the balcony and terrace or even the apartment. When selecting the planter, it should be noted that the snow rose can reach a proud height of 30 centimeters and the planter should have a corresponding size. It is also important to make sure that the liquid can drain well and the plant in the pot does not suffer from waterlogging. Sufficient drainage holes are just as important as drainage in the bottom of the pot. This can consist of gravel or potsherds and ensures that the irrigation water can drain well and does not jam in the planter.

With regard to the substrate, the snow roses make some demands. The soil should be permeable, calcareous, loamy and humus. Good results can be achieved with garden soil, which is upgraded with high-quality potting soil and horn meal.

Cut Christmas roses

Bloom will be removed on a regular basis. In order for the flowers to catch the eye, it is no problem to remove the surrounding leaves. The hobby gardener does not have to do any further cutting work. Withered foliage should not remain on the plant. In old foliage fungi and bacteria prefer to multiply. An early radical leaf incision should be avoided. This weakens the plant, which provides itself via the leaves with important nutrients, which are needed for the next flowering period.

Multiply Christmas roses – what should be considered?

With sufficient care and an ideal choice of location, the Christmas rose itself replicates itself. If you want to help out, you must pay a lot of attention.

Propagation by division

The division of the Christmas rose can be made after completion of the flowering period. The prerequisite for this type of propagation is the presence of a sufficiently developed plant, which survives the division easily.

Step by step instructions

❶ plant dig
❷ plant center share
❸ section at a new location using
❹ mother plant in old planting hole reset
❺ earth take careful
❻ Pour plants well

Christmas roses form roots that protrude far into the ground. Therefore, dig deep enough when removing the plant. For the division, a sharp knife should be used, so that the plant is not sustainably damaged.

Believed to be the Christmas rose sow themselves, Verblühtes will not cut back. The seed capsules open themselves after their maturity and the seeds fall to the earth, where they are rooted directly or are carried off by the birds to other locations.

Is my Christmas rose frozen?

After a frosty night, the sight of the snow-rose will probably scare the hobby gardener. The flowers have collapsed and the plant seems powerless and seems to be frozen. All-clear can be given here. It is only a protective reaction of the plant. This directs the water from the leaves and flowers, so that they are not blown up by the frost. As the temperatures rise, the Christmas rose soon reveals itself in its old splendor and beauty.

Careful, poisonous!

When plant care gloves should be worn, because the plant is poisonous in all parts. Contact with the sap may cause allergic reactions.

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